Croatia can be classified as a Pannonian-Adriatic country due to its Central European and Mediterranean position. In terms of International law, the traditional heritage has moved from a Middle Age Princedom (791-924 A.D.) and Kingdom (925-1102) to its current standing as the Republic of Croatia, declared on June 25, 1991. Croatia has 4.8 million citizens and the capital city is Zagreb. The official language is Croatian. The national currency is the kuna
The surface area of Croatia totals 87,667 square kilometers, which is made up of 56,538 square kilometers of mainland (65%) and the coastline – both internal and territorial seas – of 31,139 square kilometers (35%). The climate is mainly continental but at higher altitudes, there is also a mountainous climate. In the coastal regions, slightly south of the island Rab, the climate is classified as Mediterranean. The northern Adriatic (Istria, Kvarner mainland and the islands) has a moderately continental climate, excluding the interior parts of the region. Vegetation cover is very diverse. Forests make up 36% of the surface area. In the continental regions, the dominant forests are English oak, hornbeam, beech, and fir.
The Croatian coast, one of the most developed Mediterranean coasts, with its numerous coves, beaches, bays, ports and many harbors is a paradise for boaters. The naturally heterogeneous Croatian coast allows for relaxation and accommodation in diverse settings. Along the Croatian coast, there are 718 islands, 389 cliffs and 78 reefs. Approximately 60 islands are inhabited year-round; these islands make up a surface area of 3300 km2. The average sea temperature in the winter is 5o Celsius, and the summer temperatures are from of 22 to 27o Celsius. The islands are dominated by a Mediterranean climate with warm and dry summers, and cool and moderately rainy winters. The average annual temperature of the Adriatic Sea is 17o Celsius, and with an annual average of 2,600 hours of sunshine, the Adriatic and its islands are among the sunniest regions of Europe.
On the Croatian coast, there are many natural piers, bays, beaches, ports, and harbors. There are currently 47 marinas, which have joined into an Association of Marinas and account for over 12,000 berths in the sea, and 7,000 dry berths.
Larger harbors have technical services, cranes, gas stations and several different retail and hospitality facilities. In the larger marinas it is possible to rent yachts, and sailing courses are organized for those wishing to learn.
Also offered are services related to swimming and excursions in nautical tourism, and organized nautical competitions (meetings at sea, nautical-tourism rallies, regattas, sails etc.) The Croatian coast offers ideal conditions for the organization of all disciplines of water sports (motor boating, water-skiing, speed boating, windsurfing, jet ski etc.).